Jorge Miranda

Senior International Trade Advisor / Washington

Jorge Miranda is an economist with nearly 30 years of experience on trade remedy litigation, and dispute settlement and negotiations under the WTO and regional treaties. He has assisted exporters, domestic producers and foreign governments in trade remedy proceedings conducted in Australia, Brazil, China, Costa Rica, Colombia, the European Union, Jamaica, Japan, Mexico, Peru, and the United States. He has been involved in nearly 20 WTO disputes as well as several NAFTA disputes. He has also participated in WTO subsidy negotiations and served as a NAFTA panelist.

Before entering private practice nearly two decades ago, he was with the WTO Secretariat (as a Counsellor in the WTO Rules Division), the Mexican Government (in charge of supervising antidumping and countervailing duty investigations), and the Trade Policy Division of the World Bank’s Development Research Department.

Mr. Miranda is also a recognized commentator on international trade law, having published in, and served as referee for, the leading journals in this area. He has also served as referee for Cambridge University Press. He participates frequently as speaker in seminars and symposia on WTO issues, and taught for over 10 years in the Master’s Program on WTO law & economics at the World Trade Institute in Bern, Switzerland. He is also a contributor to Kluwer’s Law Regulating for Globalization Blog.

Representative Matters

  • Assisted U.S. producer in successfully defending U.S. countervailing duties on imports of semiconductors in WTO panel and appeal.
  • Assisted U.S. agricultural federation in successful challenge of Mexican antidumping duties in WTO panel and appeal.
  • Assisted U.S. chemical producer in successful challenge of Mexican antidumping duties in NAFTA panel.
  • Assisted U.S. growers/packers and U.S. agricultural federation in Mexican antidumping investigation on imports of U.S. produce ultimately terminated on grounds of absence of causation.
  • Assisted U.S. chemical producer in Mexican sunset review, whereupon antidumping duties on U.S. imports were revoked.
  • Assisted U.S. chemical producer in successful Mexican anticircumvention investigation.
  • Assisted Mexican flat steel producer in Brazilian antidumping investigation.
  • Assisted Mexican steel pipe producer in two successful Mexican antidumping investigations against imports from China.
  • Assisted Mexican cables producer in successful Mexican antidumping investigation and annual review on imports from China.

Recent Speaking Engagements

  • “Perspectives on Multilateral Dispute Settlement,” Panel Discussion, Asociacion Nacional de Abogados de Empresa (Mexico), May 19, 2020.
  • “Not All is Well in WTO Dispute Settlement”, Presentation, Conference “WTO: 25 Anos,” University of Lisbon, November 29, 2019.
  • “Practical Aspects of WTO Dispute Settlement,” Seminar for Latin American Government Officials, WTO Legal Affairs Division, Geneva, January 2019.
  • “Why China Did Not Transform Into A Market Economy,” Presentation, Annual Meetings of the Latin American Steel Association, Cartagena, November 9, 2018.


Representative publications include the following:

  • “How The WTO AB Drove Itself Into A Corner” (co-authored with Manuel Sanchez-Miranda), currently under peer review at journal.
  • “AD Duties, Protection and Market Power In Small Open Economies,” currently under peer review at journal.
  • “How China Did Not Transform Into A Market Economy,” in James Nedumpara and Weihuan Zhou, eds., Non- Market Economies in the Global Trading System: The Special Case of China, Springer, 2018.
  • “Analysis and WTO Implications of the Proposed ‘Border Adjusted’ Tax,” Global Trade and Customs Journal, Vol. 12 (2017), Issue 6.
  • “The Economics of Actionable Subsidy Disputes,” in Joost Pauwelyn, et al., The Use of Economics in Trade and Investment Disputes, Cambridge University Press, 2017.
  • “Interpreting Paragraph 15 of China’s Protocol of Accession,” Global Trade and Customs Journal, Vol. 9 (2014), Issue 3.
  • “Mexico” (co-authored with Eduardo Díaz-Gavito), in Gustav Brink, et al., Guide to International Antidumping Practice, Kluwer Law, 2013.
  • “Quasi-Judicial Review of Mexican Trade Remedy Measures by NAFTA Panels,” (co-authored with Juan Carlos Partida), in Muslum Yilmaz (ed.). Domestic Judicial Review of Trade Remedies, Cambridge University Press, 2013.
  • “Causal Link and Non-Attribution as Interpreted in WTO Trade Remedy Disputes,” Journal of World Trade, Vol. 44 (2010). No. 4.
  • “Currency Undervaluation as a Violation of GATT Article XV:4,” in Simon Evenett (ed.) The US-Sino Currency Dispute: New Insights from Economics, Politics and Law, and Center for Economic Policy Research, 2010.
  • A Handbook On Anti-Dumping Investigations (co-authored with Judith Czako and Johann Human), World Trade Organization and Cambridge University Press, 2003.

A complete list of publications is available on request.


  • B.S.F.S., Georgetown University
  • M.A., Georgetown University
  • Ph.D. Studies, Georgetown University


  • English
  • Spanish
  • French